The miracle of childbirth is a wondrous event that marks the beginning of a new life. For centuries, women have been giving birth naturally, relying on their bodies’ inherent ability to bring forth new generations. However, in certain circumstances, a Caesarean section, or C-section, becomes a necessary intervention to ensure the health and well-being of both mother and baby. Here, as the best pregnancy specialist in Newtown, Kolkata, I embark on highlighting the primary indications of the cesarean section, knowing which will empower all wanna-be mothers.

The main indications of a cesarean section

A Caesarean section is a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. While it may be tempting to view C-sections as a convenience or an easy way out of labor, this notion is far from the truth. In fact, a Caesarean section is a major surgery that carries inherent risks and should only be performed when there are valid medical indications.

Central placenta previa

During pregnancy, the cervix dilates to help the baby move into the vagina. However, in the case of a placenta previa, either partial or complex, the placenta partially or completely covers the opening of the uterus, hence, rendering a vaginal birth impossible. The placenta is a crucial organ to supply your baby with adequate oxygen and nutrition. However, this very organ becomes an obstacle to vaginal delivery when the placental tissues obstruct the cervix. This is one of the pivotal indications for C-sections.

Complex breech position

A baby is said to be in a breech position when they turn out to be feet or bottom first in the uterus. The ideal position of the vaginal birth demands the baby be positioned head first. In the case of a complex breech position, a C-section becomes indispensable.

Transverse lie

Often, the baby turns out to be in a transverse lie position. In other words, it is found to be positioned horizontally across the uterus. If the baby remains in this position during active labor, a C-section is recommended. 

Fetal distress 

One of the most common indications for a C-section is fetal distress. During labor, if the baby’s heart rate shows signs of significant irregularities or distress, it may be an indication that the baby is not receiving sufficient oxygen. In such cases, a C-section becomes necessary to expedite delivery and prevent potential harm to the baby’s well-being.

Prolonged or arrested labor

Yet another primary indication for a Caesarean section is prolonged or arrested labor. Labor is a complex physiological process that involves the progressive opening of the cervix and the descent of the baby through the birth canal. However, if labor progresses too slowly or stops altogether, it can put both the mother and the baby at risk. A C-section may be necessary to avoid complications such as uterine rupture or fetal distress that can arise from prolonged or arrested labor.

Auxiliary medical conditions

Certain medical conditions can also warrant a Caesarean section. For instance, if a mother has an active genital herpes infection at the time of delivery, a C-section is often recommended to reduce the risk of passing the infection to the baby. 

Prior history of C-section 

In some cases, a previous C-section may influence the decision to perform another C-section. While vaginal birth after a previous C-section (VBAC) is possible in certain situations, it carries the risk of uterine rupture, a potentially life-threatening complication. The best pregnancy specialists, too, tend to suggest a repeat C-section. 

It is essential to note that the decision to perform a Caesarean delivery should always involve a careful evaluation of the risks and benefits. And the decision should be left to the best pregnancy specialist in Newtown Kolkata